lesson library


Application & Substitution

"Arpeggios form the framework of harmonic structure."

To understand how arpeggios may be used in soloing, we will break down arpeggios into four basic chord types, and their applicable scale source. Then over each key-center chord type we will apply substitutionary approach methods.

Arpeggio Types

There are three scale centers from which all arpeggios are derived. These are:

Rather than going into the theory behind each chord type and their modal construction here, let's center on breaking them down into the three basic categories before applying them.

In Gypsy Jazz the following chord types from Minor are mostly used:

  1. Minor 6
  2. Minor 7
  3. Minor7b5

In Gypsy Jazz the following chord types from Major are mostly used:

  1. Major 6
  2. Major 6/9
  3. Major 7

In Gypsy Jazz the following chord types from Dominant are mostly used:

  1. Dom 7 (unaltered)
  2. Dom 7 (altered)
  3. Diminished 7

So if we reduce everything to the simplist approach, we are left with four categories from which to utilize our key center arpeggios.

  1. Minor
  2. Major
  3. Dominant (Unaltered)
  4. Dominant (Altered, including Diminished)

Based on this approach let's look at each arpeggio type and how they may be applied to ANY chord from ANY key!

Minor Arpeggios. 

Major Arpeggios. 

Dominant/Diminished Arpeggios. 

What we have done with 4 note arpeggios may also be applied to 3 note triads. For more info on that approach go to the TRIADS section in the LESSON LIBRARY.


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